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FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er  B – 6530 Thuin (Belgique) 10.01.2011/EN FCI-Standard N° 149 BULLDOG © M. Davidson, illustr. NKU Picture Library This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed. FCI-St. N° 149 / 10.01.2011 2 ORIGIN : Great Britain. DATE   OF   PUBLICATION   OF   THE   OFFICIAL   VALID STANDARD : 13.10.2010. UTILIZATION : Dissuasion and Companion Dog.  FCI-CLASSIFICATION :   Group     2      Pinscher and Schnauzer  Molossoid breeds-Swiss  Mountain and Cattle  Dogs. Section   2.1   Molossoid breeds,  Mastiff Type. Without working trial. BRIEF   HISTORICAL   SUMMARY :   The   Bulldog   was   first  classified  as  such  in  the  1630s  though  there  is  ear lier  mention  of similar types referred to as bandogs, a term reserved today for a type of  fighting  dog.  Used  originally  for  bull-baiting, the  Bulldog  also fought  its  way  through  the  dog  pits  but  after  1835 began  to  evolve into  the  shorter  faced,  more  squat  version  we  now  know.  It  entered the  show  ring  in  1860  and  the  ensuing  years  saw  big  personality change.  A  delightfully  ugly  dog  with  a  pugilistic  expression,  which belies a loving, affectionate nature to family and friends. One of the oldest  indigenous  breeds,  known  as  the  national  dog   of  Great Britain,    and    associated    throughout    the    world    with    British determination and the legendary John Bull. GENERAL   APPEARANCE :   Smooth-coated, fairly thick   set, rather low in stature, broad, powerful and compact.  Head fairly large in proportion to size, but no point so much in exce ss of others as to destroy the general symmetry, or make the dog appea r deformed, or interfere  with  its  powers  of  motion.  Face relatively   short,  muzzle broad,    blunt    and    inclined slightly upwards, although    not excessively so FCI-St. N° 149 / 10.01.2011 3 Dogs  showing  respiratory  distress  highly  undesirable.  Body fairly short, well knit, limbs stout, well muscled and in hard condition with no   tendency   towards   obesity .   Hindquarters   high   and   strong.  Bitches not so grand or well-developed as dogs. BEHAVIOUR  AND  TEMPERAMENT :  Conveys  impression  of determination,  strength  and  activity.  Alert,  bold, loyal,  dependable, courageous,  fierce  in  appearance,  but  possessed  of affectionate nature. HEAD Viewed  from  side,  head  appears  very  high  and moderately short  from  back  to  point  of  nose.  Forehead  flat  with  skin  on  and about  head, slightly loose  and  finely wrinkled without  excess, neither  prominent  nor  overhanging  face.  Face  from  front  of  cheek bone to nose, relatively  short, skin may be slightlywrinkled.  Distance  from  inner  corner  of  eye  (or  from  centre  of  stop  between eyes)  to  extreme  tip  of  nose should   not be  less  than  the  distancefrom tip of thenose to edge of the underlip.  CRANIAL REGION:  Skull:  Skull relatively large  in  circumference.  Viewed  from  front appears  high  from  corner  of  lower  jaw  to  apex  of  skull;  also  broad and square. From stop, a furrow, extending to middle of skull being traceable to apex. Stop: Defined FACIAL REGION: Viewed  from  front,  the  various  properties  of  the  face  must  be equally balanced on either side of an imaginary line down centre.  Nose:   Nose   and   nostrils   large,   broad   and   black,   under   no circumstances  liver  colour,  red  or  brown.  Nostrils large  wide  and open, with well-defined vertical straight line between. Muzzle: Muzzle short, broad, turned upwards and deep from corner of eye to corner of mouth. Over nose wrinkle, if present, whole or broken, must never adversely affect or obscure eyesor nose.  Pinched  nostrils  and  heavy  over  nose  wrinkle  are  unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.